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Bill of Lading Definitions Print

Carriage: Means the whole of the operations and services undertaken or performed by or on behalf of the Carrier in respect of the Goods.
Carrier: Means the Company stated on the front of this Bill of Lading as being the Carrier and on whose behalf this Bill of Lading has been signed.
CHARGES Means freight and all expenses and money obligations incurred and payable by the Merchant.
COGSA: Means the Carriage of Goods by Sea Act of the United States of America approved on 16th April 1936.
COGWA: Means the Hague-Visby Rules.
Combined Transport: Arises where the carriage called for by this Bill of Lading is not a Port to Port shipment.
Container: Means any container, trailer, transportable tank, lift van, flat, pallet, or any similar article of transport used to consolidate goods.
Defenses: Means all rights, immunities, exclusions, exemptions, defenses, limitations, however described (no matter whether arising by law or by contract), which might abate, bar, defeat or diminish any recovery against the Carrier.
Freight: Means all of the following relating to or in connection with the Goods: ocean freight and other charges provided by the Carrier's applicable tariff, including but not limited to ad valorem charges, advance charges and less than full container load service charges, currency adjustment factor, bunker adjustment factor, surcharges, war risk premiums, arbitrary and accessorial charges; all charges arising as a result of changing the port of loading or discharge, and expenses arising or incurred under this Bill of Lading; additional freight or other charges; deadfreight; special freight for the carriage of special containers; return freight if the Goods are returned.
Goods: Means the cargo supplied by the Merchant and includes any Container not supplied by or on behalf of the Carrier.
Hague Rules: Means the provisions of the International Convention for Unification of certain Rules relating to Bills of Lading signed at Brussels on 25th August 1924.
Hague-Visby Rules: Means the Hague Rules as amended by the Protocol signed at Brussels on 23rd February 1968.
Merchant: "Merchant" includes the shipper, the consignee, the receiver or the Goods, the holder of this Bill of lading, any person owning or entitled to the possession of the Goods or this Bill of Lading, any person having a present or future interest in the Goods or any person acting on behalf of any of the above mentioned persons.
Package: (1) the Container when the Goods are shipped in a Container
(2) the skid or pallet when Goods are shipped on a skid or pallet and stuffed in a Container, and the Container is adjudged not to be the package for the purposes of the Carrier's limitation of liability
(3) the skid or pallet when Goods are shipped on a skid or pallet but not in a Container
(4) that shipping unit which contains the greatest quantity of the Goods and to which some packaging preparation for transportation has been made which facilitates handling even though it does not conceal or completely enclose the Goods. This clause does not apply to Goods shipped in bulk, and it supersedes any inconsistent provision which may be printed, stamped or written elsewhere in this Bill of Lading.
Participating Carrier: Means the ocean carrier and any other water, land or air carrier involved in the Carriage of the Goods whether it be a Port to Port or a Combined Transport movement.
Person: "Person" includes any individual, a partnership, a body corporate or other entity.
Port to Port Shipment: Means when the port of loading and the port of discharge only are shown on the face hereof and neither the place of acceptance nor the final destination are stipulated on the face hereof.
Shipping Unit: "Shipping Unit" includes freight unit and the term "unit" as used in the Hague Rules and Hague Visby Rules.
Stuffed: "Stuffed" included filled, consolidated, packed, loaded or secured.